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Was ist TCM - Ti einai TCM

Concept of Holism - I olotita tou somatos

Yin & Yang

5 Elements - Ta 5 Stixoia

The Qi - Das Chi - To Tsi

Blood - Blut - Aima

Body Fluids Jin and Ye

Jing - Ousia/Essence/Essenz

The Meridians - Die Meridiane - Oi Mesimbrini

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Qi (CHI / TSI)


Qi in accordance with today’s modern knowledge of Astro- and Quantum physics, already ancient Chinese philosophers believed that the primary state of the universe is qi (energy), the constant movement of which produces all things in the universe, including life. is the flow of energy and its associated interactions. Even matter is nothing more but congealed energy (quasi an altered state of aggregation, comparable with steam - water - ice). Accordingly already the ancient Chinese thought that the accumulation of qi produces life while its dispersion put life to an end.

Qi is very active and in constant motion. It is extremely fine and invisible for the bare eye. It’s the most essential substance that makes up the body and maintains life activities.

The production of qi
The first category of qi exists right after the formation of life. Inherited during pregnancy by the parent’s kidney-qi, it is called congenital (prenatal) or Yuan Qi (Original Qi, Ancestral Qi), which is the foundation on the development of new life.

The second category is acquired (postnatal) Qi: After birth the living body keeps absorbing nutrients, from the external world from food and inhaled air, to nourish the congenital qi. Hence it is called the acquired or Zong Qi (also called Pectoral Qi or Gathering Qi), which is the combination of Gu Qi (of Food or Nourishment Qi) and Kong Qi – the energy of the air that we breathe. This develops the Zheng or Zhen Qi (also called True Qi) – which includes both Ying Qi (also called Nutritive Qi), which is the Qi that flows through the meridians, and Wei Qi (also called Defensive Qi).

The terminology is complex, but basically what is being described is the process by which the food that we eat and the air that we breathe are metabolized internally, to produce the Qi that flows through the meridians, and the Qi that flows outside of the meridians as protection.

In fact the congenital qi and the acquired qi are just two material sources of Qi. The process of Qi production also involves the other viscera. The intertransformation among essence, qi, blood and body fluid influences the production of Qi.

The functions of Qi are propelling, warming, protecting, fixating and transforming. The lack of Qi will cause death.